Islamabad : China-Pakistan Study Center (CPSC) at the Institute of Strategic Studies Islamabad (ISSI) hosted Second Pakistan-China Think Tank Dialogue via videoconferencing on December 23, 2020. Dialogue focused on emerging strategic environment, regional dynamics, and Pakistan-China cooperation to advance peace and stability. Dialogue was addressed by Ambassador Aizaz Ahmad Chaudhry, Director-General Institute of Strategic Studies Islamabad and Ms. Pang Chunxue, Deputy Chief of Mission, Embassy of China in Islamabad.Dialogue brought together eminent experts of Pakistan-China relations including Dr. Fazal ur Rehman, Director Pakistan Institute of China Studies, Dr. Wang Shida, Deputy Director China Institutues of Contemporary International Relations, Mr. Amir Rana, Director Pakistan Institute of Peace Studies and Prof Zhang Jiadong, Director Center for South Asian Studies, Fudan University.Dr. Talat Shabbir, in his introductory remarks thanked the esteemed speakers and highlighted the changing regional dynamics. He underlined that amid change, Pakistan-China relationship remains a constant as both sides continue to maintain close political and strategic communication and coordination to stabilize the regional environment.Ambassador Aizaz Ahmad Chaudhry, Director-General ISSI, in his welcome remarks, underscored that China is not interested in strategic competition; it rather focuses on economic competition for its peaceful rise. Pakistan-China friendship is important element for maintaining peace in South Asia. US and India are not in favour of China’s BRI and CPEC and that’s why the role of think-tank is important in building positive narrative and these dialogues are significant and Pakistan-China both have to counter that propaganda against CPEC.Ms. Pang Chunxue, Deputy Chief of Mission, in her remarks highlighted traditional and non-traditional issues that continue to influence regional dynamics. Referring to COVID-19 pandemic, she underlined that it has changed international environment in unexpected ways. Meanwhile, as new challenges come up, so do the need for closer cooperation and coordination between regional countries.Meanwhile, panelists highlighted various aspects of contemporary strategic environment with focus on probable shift in regional politics as new administration of Joe Biden takes over in the US, the influence of Indo-Pacific strategy of China’s approach to south Asia. Meanwhile, experts debated ways in which Pakistan and China can respond to hegemonic ambitions of Hindutva inspired Indian leadership. Discussion also explored regional coordination to support going Afghan peace process and India-Pakistan tensions, with reference to situation in Indian-occupied Kashmir.Ambassador Khalid Mahmood, Chairman ISSI, in his concluding remarks, highlighted that strengthening relations with China is cornerstone of Pakistan’s foreign policy. Pakistan will continue to closely engage with China to foster regional stability. He also thanked speakers for participating in the dialogue, which is becoming an annual feature of the CPSC.